Static Method in Python. Topic – 46

Static Method in Python

Static Method in Python

A static method in python does not receive an implicit first argument. A static method is also a method that is bound to the class and not the object of the class. This method can’t access or modify the class state. It is present in a class because it makes sense for the method to be present in class.

Imagine a school with different classes like Science, Maths, and History. Each class has teachers with their own areas of expertise.

In the Science class, a teacher helps students conduct experiments. These experiments can vary for each student, but some basic principles remain the same across the board. These fundamental principles are what we call “static methods.”

Syntax Python Static Method:

class C(object):
    def fun(arg1, arg2, ...):
returns: a static method for function fun.

When to use the class or static method?

We generally use the class method to create factory methods. Factory methods return class objects ( similar to a constructor ) for different use cases. We generally use static methods to create utility functions.

class MyClass:
	def __init__(self, value):
		self.value = value

	def get_max_value(x, y):
		return max(x, y)

# Create an instance of MyClass
obj = MyClass(10)

print(MyClass.get_max_value(20, 30)) 

print(obj.get_max_value(20, 30)) 

Let’s see another example:

class MathHelper:
    This class provides static methods for basic mathematical operations.

    def add(x, y):
        Adds two numbers and returns the sum.

            x: The first number.
            y: The second number.

            The sum of x and y.
        return x + y

    def subtract(x, y):
        Subtracts two numbers and returns the difference.

            x: The first number (minuend).
            y: The second number (subtrahend).

            The difference of x and y (x - y).
        return x - y

# Create an object of MathHelper is not required for static methods
# math_helper = MathHelper()  # This would not cause any errors, but it's not necessary

# Use static methods directly with the class name
result_add = MathHelper.add(5, 3)
result_subtract = MathHelper.subtract(10, 2)

print(f"5 + 3 = {result_add}")  # Output: 5 + 3 = 8
print(f"10 - 2 = {result_subtract}")  # Output: 10 - 2 = 8
5 + 3 = 8
10 - 2 = 8

Static Methods:

  • We define two methods, add and subtract, using the @staticmethod decorator. This decorator marks them as static methods.
  • Each method has a docstring explaining its functionality, arguments, and return value.
  • Static methods don’t receive a self parameter, unlike instance methods.
  • They perform calculations based on the provided arguments.

Object Creation (Not Required):

  • While you can create an object of MathHelper (math_helper = MathHelper()), it’s not necessary to use static methods.

Using Static Methods:

  • We call MathHelper.add(5, 3) and MathHelper.subtract(10, 2) directly using the class name.
  • The results are stored in variables result_add and result_subtract.

Printing Results:

  • We print the results using f-strings for formatted output.
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Programmer, Arpan Bera

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